Recategorization and subgroup identification: predicting and preventing threats from common ingroups
Crisp, R. J., Stone, C. H. and Hall, N. R. (2006) Recategorization and subgroup identification: predicting and preventing threats from common ingroups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32 (2). pp. 230-243. ISSN 0146-1672
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1177/0146167205280908
Much work has supported the idea that recategorization of ingroups and outgroups into a superordinate category can have beneficial effects for intergroup relations. Recently, however, increases in bias following recategorization have been observed in some contexts. It is argued that such unwanted consequences of recategorization will only be apparent for perceivers who are highly committed to their ingroup subgroups. In Experiments 1 to 3, the authors observed, on both explicit and implicit measures, that an increase in bias following recategorization occurred only for high subgroup identifiers. In Experiment 4, it was found that maintaining the salience of subgroups within a recategorized superordinate group averted this increase in bias for high identifiers and led overall to the lowest levels of bias. These findings are discussed in the context of recent work on the Common Ingroup Identity Model.