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Fire, climate and vegetation linkages in the Bolivian Chiquitano Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest

Power, M. J., Whitney, B. S., Mayle, F. E., Neves, D. M., de Boer, E. J. and Maclean, K. S. (2016) Fire, climate and vegetation linkages in the Bolivian Chiquitano Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (1696). 20150165. ISSN 0962-8436

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0165

Abstract/Summary

South American seasonally-dry tropical forests (SDTF) are critically endangered, with only a small proportion of their original distribution remaining. This paper presents a 12,000 year reconstruction of climate change, fire and vegetation dynamics in the Bolivian Chiquitano SDTF, based upon pollen and charcoal analysis, to examine the resilience of this ecosystem to drought and fire. Our analysis demonstrates a complex relationship between climate, fire and floristic composition over multi-millennial time scales, and reveals that moisture variability is the dominant control upon community turnover in this ecosystem. Maximum drought during the early Holocene, consistent with regional drought reconstructions, correlates with a period of significant fire activity between 8,000 and 7,000 cal yr BP which resulted in a decrease in SDTF diversity. As fire activity declined, but severe regional droughts persisted through the mid-Holocene, SDTF, including Anadenanthera and Astronium, became firmly established in the Bolivian lowlands. The trend of decreasing fire activity during the last two millennia promotes the idea among forest ecologists that SDTF are threatened by fire. Our analysis shows that the Chiquitano seasonally dry biome has been more resilient to Holocene changes in climate and fire regime than previously assumed, but raises questions over whether this resilience will continue in the future under increased temperatures and drought coupled with a higher frequency anthropogenic fire regime.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:59586
Publisher:The Royal Society

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