Current deflection at cracks: some insights from modelling
Holt, C.C. and Boness, K. D. (1987) Current deflection at cracks: some insights from modelling. In: Non-destructive testing: the 4th European Conference, 13-17 Sept 1987, London, pp. 641-648.
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Eddy current testing by current deflection detects surface cracks and geometric features by sensing the re-routing of currents. Currents are diverted by cracks in two ways: down the walls, and along their length at the surface. Current deflection utilises the latter currents, detecting them via their tangential magnetic field. Results from 3-D finite element computer modelling, which show the two forms of deflection, are presented. Further results indicate that the current deflection technique is suitable for the detection of surface cracks in smooth materials with varying material properties.