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Managing clubroot disease (caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae Wor.) by exploiting the interactions between calcium cyanamide fertilizer and soil microorganisms

Dixon, G. R. (2017) Managing clubroot disease (caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae Wor.) by exploiting the interactions between calcium cyanamide fertilizer and soil microorganisms. Journal of Agricultural Science, 155 (4). pp. 527-543. ISSN 0021-8596

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S0021859616000800

Abstract/Summary

Calcium cyanamide is a nitrogenous fertilizer used predominantly for over a century in field and glasshouse vegetable and salad production. This review draws together for the first time knowledge concerning the biological properties of the compound that benefit crop production by encouraging sustainable soil health and quality. This is achieved through the increase of microorganisms antagonistic to plant pathogens. The review also reports on the natural occurence and degradation of cyanamide. The literature survey provides a perspective of research from the early 1900s to current studies. This identifies that nitrogen is released steadily into the rhizosphere from this fertiliser. Calcium is also readily available for plant roots and promotes the alkaline soil conditions beneficial to benign microorganisms. Consequently, soil suppressiveness towards organisms such as Plasmodiophora brassicae, the cause of clubroot disease in brassicas develops. The effects of calcium and accompanying changes in soil pH values are discussed in relation to the life cycle stages of P.brassicae and the development of clubroot disease. Formulations of calcium cyanamide contain the dimeric form, dicyandiamide (DCD). This compound slows soil nitrification and subsequent nitrate leaching into ground waters reducing potential pollution. Calcium cyanamide is normally used for specialised fresh produce production and is not available in quantities comparable with ammoniacal fertilizers. It is contended however, that it has properties deserving wider assessment because of their implications for sustainable cropping.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Biodiversity, Crops and Agroecosystems Division > Crops Research Group
ID Code:68509
Publisher:Cambridge University Press

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