Accessibility navigation


Standardized pork production at the Celtic village of Levroux Les Arènes (France, 2nd c. BC): evidence from kill-off patterns and birth seasonality inferred from enamel δ18O analysis

Fremondeau, D., Horard-Herbin, M.-P., Buchsenschutz, O., Ughetto-Monfrin, J. and Balasse, M. (2015) Standardized pork production at the Celtic village of Levroux Les Arènes (France, 2nd c. BC): evidence from kill-off patterns and birth seasonality inferred from enamel δ18O analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2. pp. 215-226. ISSN 2352-409X

Full text not archived in this repository.

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2015.02.006

Abstract/Summary

The pig predominates the zooarchaeological assemblage of the second Iron Age settlement of Levroux Les Arènes, in a context characterised by intensive craft and trade activities. The pattern of pig mortality profiles (targeting two-year-old animals), standardized butchery cut-marks and the under-occurrence of ham-bearing bones suggest that there was standardized pork production potentially designed for trade. This hypothesis was investigated through enamel δ18O analysis, allowing the seasonality of pig births to be determined and the reasons for a particular age class in the kill-off patterns to be explained. Results reveal that pig births were spread across more than half a year, suggesting that slaughter was not seasonally constrained, but was performed to target a specific age class and weight/size at death, thus supporting the hypothesis of standardized pork production in Levroux Les Arènes. For the first time, the stable isotope approach – sequential δ18O analysis in pig incisors developed on a modern reference set – has been performed on an archaeological assemblage, after methodological adaptation. The results constitute the first zooarchaeological evidence of such a standardization of meat production from the second century onwards in Gaul.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Scientific Archaeology
Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Archaeology
ID Code:69135
Publisher:Elsevier

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation