MI(R,)G(R) and British Covert Operations, 1939-42
Anglim, S. J. (2005) MI(R,)G(R) and British Covert Operations, 1939-42. Intelligence and National Security, 20 (4). pp. 631-653.
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/02684520500426073
The Military Intelligence (Research) Department of the British War Office was tasked in 1940 with encouraging and supporting armed resistance in occupied Europe and the Axis-controlled Middle East. The major contention of this paper is that, in doing so, MI(R) performed a key role in British strategy in 1940-42 and in the development of what are now known as covert operations. MI(R) developed an organic, but coherent doctrine for such activity which was influential upon the Special Operations Executive (SOE) and its own sub-branch, G(R), which applied this doctrine in practice in East Africa and the Middle East in 1940-41. It was also here that a number of key figures in the development of covert operations and special forces first cut their teeth, the most notable being Major Generals Colin Gubbins and Orde Wingate.