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Protein and molecular characterization of a clinically compliant amniotic fluid stem cell derived extracellular vesicle fraction capable of accelerating muscle regeneration through the enhancement of angiogenesis

Mellows, B., Mitchell, R., Antonioli, M., Kretz, O., Chamber, D., Zeuner, M.-T., Bernd, D., Musante, L., Durrgah, R., Debacq-Chainiaux, F., Holthofer, H., Joch, B., Ray, S., Widera, D., David, A. L., Huber, T. B., Dengjel, J., De Coppi, P. and Patel, K. (2017) Protein and molecular characterization of a clinically compliant amniotic fluid stem cell derived extracellular vesicle fraction capable of accelerating muscle regeneration through the enhancement of angiogenesis. Stem Cells and Development, 26 (18). pp. 1316-1333. ISSN 1547-3287

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1089/scd.2017.0089

Abstract/Summary

The secretome of human amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSC) has great potential as a therapeutic agent in regenerative medicine. However it must be produced in a clinically compliant manner before it can be used in humans. Here we developed a means of producing a biologically active secretome from AFSCs that is free of all exogenous molecules. We demonstrate that the full secretome is capable of promoting stem cell proliferation, migration and protection of cells against senescence. Furthermore, it has significant anti-inflammatory properties. Most importantly we show that it promotes tissue regeneration in a model of muscle damage. We then demonstrate that the secretome contains extracellular vesicles (EV) that harbour much but not all the biological activity of the whole secretome. Proteomic characterisation of the EV and free secretome fraction show the presence of numerous molecules specific to each fraction that could be key regulators of tissue regeneration. Intriguingly we show that the EVs only contain miRNA and not mRNA. This suggests tissue regeneration in the host is mediated by the action of EVs modifying existing, rather than the imposition of new, signalling pathways. The EVs harbour significant anti-inflammatory activity as well as promoting angiogenesis; the latter may be the mechanistic explanation for their ability to promote muscle regeneration after cardiotoxin injury.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:71161
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc

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