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The role of macro-aggregation in regulating enzymatic depolymerization of soil organic nitrogen

Fukumasu, J. and Shaw, L. (2017) The role of macro-aggregation in regulating enzymatic depolymerization of soil organic nitrogen. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 115. pp. 100-108. ISSN 0038-0717

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.08.008

Abstract/Summary

Extracellular enzymatic depolymerization of polymeric organic nitrogen (PON) is a rate-limiting step in N mineralization. However, enzymatic accessibility to PON might be regulated by physical occlusion of the PON resulting from the architectural packing of soil minerals during aggregate formation. To examine the extent to which enzymatic accessibility to PON is regulated by soil aggregation, we put forward a new approach involving the comparison of relationships between potential N depolymerase activity (protease and β-glucosaminidase; as an estimate of the potential to produce depolymerized products) and net N mineralization (as a bioassay for actual low molecular weight dissolved ON production) in aggregated and corresponding disaggregated soil. Soils were sampled from grassland (GL) and arable land (AL), separated by dry sieving into fractions (4.75-2, 2-0.25 and 0.25-0.063 mm) and fractions mixed (4:4:1 by mass, respectively) to obtain constructed aggregated soils. Corresponding disaggregated soils were prepared using a mortar and pestle. This procedure mainly disrupted the 4.75-2 mm (large macro-aggregate) fraction. Disaggregation significantly promoted (p<0.05) net N mineralization rates by 1.3 times and 1.5 times in GL and AL soil, respectively. When net N mineralization - potential N depolymerase relationships for GL were examined, a greater slope parameter for disaggregated compared to aggregated soil (p=0.001; ANCOVA) quantified the extent to which this promoted N mineralization could be attributed to disruption of macroaggregate-increased enzymatic accessibility to PON. For AL, which had low protease and β-glucosaminidase activity, promoted N mineralization rate could not be attributed to increased protease + β-glucosaminidase accessibility to PON reflecting a possible role for other N depolymerases and/or osmolyte/lysate effects. By proposing how differences between mineralization-depolymerase relationships for soils differing in aggregation status might, with assumptions, be interpreted to identify the role of physical occlusion in protection of PON, we give new insight on the regulation of enzymatic depolymerization by physical protection through macro-aggregation for soils from contrasting land use.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:71814
Publisher:Elsevier

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