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The effect of lipidation on the self-assembly of the gut-derived peptide hormone PYY3–36

Hutchinson, J. A., Burholt, S., Hamley, I. W., Lundback, A.-K., Uddin, S., Gomes dos Santos, A., Reza, M., Seitsonen, J. and Ruokolainen, J. (2018) The effect of lipidation on the self-assembly of the gut-derived peptide hormone PYY3–36. Bioconjugate Chemistry, 29 (7). pp. 2296-2308. ISSN 1043-1802

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.8b00286

Abstract/Summary

Lipidation is a powerful strategy to improve the stability in vivo of peptide drugs. Attachment of a lipid chain to a hydrophilic peptide leads to amphiphilicity and the potential for surfactant-like self-assembly. Here, the self-assembly and conformation of three lipidated derivatives of the gastrointestinal peptide hormone PYY3–36 is examined using a comprehensive range of spectroscopic, scattering, and electron microscopy methods and compared to those of the parent PYY3–36 peptide. The peptides are lipidated at Ser(11), Arg(17), or Arg(23) in the peptide; the former is within the β-turn domain (based on the published solution NMR structure), and the latter two are both within the α-helical domain. We show that it is possible to access a remarkable diversity of nanostructures ranging from micelles to nanotapes and fibrillar hydrogels by control of assembly conditions (concentration, pH, and temperature). All of the lipopeptides self-assemble above a critical aggregation concentration (cac), determined through pyrene fluorescence probe measurements, and they all have predominantly α-helical secondary structure at their native pH. The pH and temperature dependence of the α-helical conformation were probed via circular dichroism spectroscopy experiments. Lipidation was found to provide enhanced stability against changes in temperature and pH. The self-assembled structures were investigated using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). Distinct differences in nanostructure were observed for lipidated and unlipidated peptides, also depending on the position of lipidation. Remarkably, micelles containing lipopeptides with α-helical peptide conformation were observed. Gelation was observed at higher concentrations in certain pH intervals for the lipidated peptides, but not for unlipidated PYY3–36. Thus, lipidation, in addition to enhancing stability against pH and temperature variation, also provides a route to prepare PYY peptide hydrogels. These findings provide important insights into the control of PYY3–36 conformation and aggregation by lipidation, relevant to the development of future therapeutics based on this peptide hormone, for example, in treatments for obesity.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Chemical Analysis Facility (CAF)
ID Code:78250
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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