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Calanoid copepods: an overlooked tool in the control of disease vector mosquitoes

Cuthbert, R. N., Dalu, T., Wasserman, R. J., Callaghan, A., Weyl, O. L. F. and Dick, J. T. A. (2018) Calanoid copepods: an overlooked tool in the control of disease vector mosquitoes. Journal of Medical Entomology, 55 (6). pp. 1656-1658. ISSN 1938-2928

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjy132

Abstract/Summary

Biological control can assist in the management of disease vector mosquitoes. However, we urgently require the identification of novel and effective agents to aid population management strategies. Quantifying interactions strengths between consumers and resources is central to our understanding of trophic stability, and is relevant within the biological control context. Previously, pPredatory biocontrol of disease vector mosquito species has previously focused extensively on cyclopoid copepods, but prey size refuge effects have been identified as a hindrance to their predatory efficacy. Calanoid copepods have yet to be comprehensively examined in the context of mosquito control, despite their high prevalence, diversity and distribution. Here, we apply functional responses (FRs; resource use as a function of resource density) to examine interaction strengthspredation efficiencies of a recently described ephemeral pond specialist species, the freshwater calanoid copepod Lovenula raynerae Suárez-Morales, Wasserman & Dalu 2015, using different size classes of larvae of the disease vector complex Culex pipiens as prey. Lovenula raynerae effectively consumed C. pipiens larvae across their ontogeny. A potentially population destabilising Type II FR was exhibited towards both early and late instar mosquitoes, indicative of a lack of prey refuge across ontogenetic stages. Attack rates were greatest and handling times lowest for early instar larvae compared to late instar larvae. These traits contrast to other copepods, commonly applied in biocontrol, which are only able to handle early instars, and in much smaller numbers. We thus advocate that calanoid copepods can exert particularly marked predatory impact on lower trophic groups, and that their use in disease vector mosquito control strategies should be further explored.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
ID Code:78449
Publisher:Oxford Academic

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