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The effect of the East Atlantic pattern on the precipitation δ18O-NAO relationship in Europe

Comas-Bru, L., McDermott, F. and Werner, M. (2016) The effect of the East Atlantic pattern on the precipitation δ18O-NAO relationship in Europe. Climate Dynamics, 47 (7-8). pp. 2059-2069. ISSN 0930-7575

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2950-1

Abstract/Summary

The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is known to influence precipitation d18O (d18Op) through its control on air temperature and on the trajectory of the westerly winds that carry moisture onto Europe during boreal winters. Hence, paleoclimate studies seeking to reconstruct the NAO can exploit the d18O signal that is commonly preserved in natural archives such as stalagmites, ice cores, tree rings and lake sediments. However, such reconstructions should consider the uncertainties that arise from non-stationarities in the d18Op-NAO relationship. Here, new insights into the causes of these temporal non-stationarities are presented for the European region using both observations (GNIP database) and the output of an isotope-enabled general circulation model (ECHAM5-wiso). The results show that, although the East Atlantic (EA) pattern is generally uncorrelated to d18Op during the instrumental period, its polarity affects the d18Op-NAO relationship. Non-stationarities in this relationship result from spatial shifts of the d18Op-NAO correlated areas as a consequence of different NAO/EA combinations. These shifts are consistent with those reported previously for NAO-winter climate variables and the resulting non-stationarities mean that d18O-based NAO reconstructions could be compromised if the balance of positive and negative NAO/EA states differs substantially in a calibration period compared with the period of interest in the past. The same approach has been followed to assess the relationships between d18Op and both winter total precipitation and winter mean surface air temperature, with similar results. Crucially, this study also identifies regions within Europe where temporal changes in the NAO, air temperature and precipitation can be more robustly reconstructed using d18O time series from natural archives, irrespective of concomitant changes in the EA.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:79027
Publisher:Springer

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