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Citizenship or repression? Coca, eradication and development in the Andes

Grisaffi, T. and Ledebur, K. (2016) Citizenship or repression? Coca, eradication and development in the Andes. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 5 (1). pp. 1-19. ISSN 2165-2627

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To link to this item DOI: 10.5334/sta.440

Abstract/Summary

For over two decades the US has funded repressive forced coca eradication in Peru, Colombia and Bolivia to reduce the illegal cocaine trade. These policies have never met their stated goals and have generated violence and poverty. In 2006 Bolivia definitively broke with the US anti-narcotics model, replacing the militarized eradication of coca crops with a community-based coca control strategy. The program substantially reduced the coca crop while simultaneously respecting human rights and allowing farmers to diversify their livelihoods. This article outlines the elements of the Bolivian initiative that ensure its continued successful functioning. It explores to what extent this model can be translated to other Andean contexts.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:80173
Uncontrolled Keywords:coca; drug crops; cocaine; Andes; development; Bolivia; alternative development
Publisher:Centre for Security Governance

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