Accessibility navigation


The soil-dwelling earthworm Allolobophora chlorotica modifies its burrowing behaviour in response to carbendazim applications

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Ellis, S. R., Hodson, M. E. and Wege, P. (2010) The soil-dwelling earthworm Allolobophora chlorotica modifies its burrowing behaviour in response to carbendazim applications. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73 (6). pp. 1424-1428. ISSN 0147-6513

[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

186Kb

To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.05.010

Abstract/Summary

Carbendazim-amended soil was placed above or below unamended soil. Control tests comprised two layers of unamended soil. Allolobophora chlorotica earthworms were added to either the upper or the unamended soil. After 72 h vertical distributions of earthworms were compared between control and carbendazim-amended experiments. Earthworm distributions in the carbendazim-amended test containers differed significantly from the ‘normal’ distribution observed in the control tests. In the majority of the experiments, earthworms significantly altered their burrowing behaviour to avoid carbendazim. However, when earthworms were added to an upper layer of carbendazim-amended soil they remained in this layer. This non-avoidance is attributed to (1) the earthworms’ inability to sense the lower layer of unamended soil and (2) the toxic effect of carbendazim inhibiting burrowing. Earthworms modified their burrowing behaviour in response to carbendazim in the soil. This may explain anomalous results observed in pesticide field trials when carbendazim is used as a control substance.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Earth Systems Science
ID Code:8031
Uncontrolled Keywords:Earthworm; Allolobophora chlorotica; Burrowing; Avoidance behaviour; Carbendazim; Pesticide; Field trial
Publisher:Elsevier

Download Statistics for this item.

Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation