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Palaeovegetation and palaeoclimate dynamics during the last 7000 years in the Atlantic forest of Southeastern Brazil based on palynology of a waterlogged sandy soil

Buso Junior, A. A., Pessenda, L. C. R., Mayle, F. E., Lorente, F. L., Volkmer-Ribeiro, C., Schiavo, J. A., Pereira, M. G., Bendassolli, J. A., Macario, K. C. D. and Siqueira, G. S. (2019) Palaeovegetation and palaeoclimate dynamics during the last 7000 years in the Atlantic forest of Southeastern Brazil based on palynology of a waterlogged sandy soil. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 264. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0034-6667

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2019.02.002

Abstract/Summary

Mineral soils are usually considered inappropriate for pollen analysis because of the poor quality of pollen and spore preservation and the disturbed stratigraphy. However, here we present a 57 cm core, collected from a waterlogged sandy soil in the lowland Atlantic Forest of SE Brazil, which shows good stratigraphy and good preservation of pollen and spores since ~7000 cal. BP, both in organic and in mineral horizons. By the other hand, the decomposition of the organic matter and its translocation along the soil profile led to changes of C and N results (TOC, TN, C/N, δ13C and δ15N). Mid-Holocene palaeoclimate inferences from this study are in accordance with climate fluctuations presented in previous studies for Central, Southeastern and Southern Brazil, when a change to more humid climate occurred at ~7000 cal BP. The process responsible for the presence of biological proxies along this sandy soil profile involves the continuous deposition of these proxies together with litter and sand, and the subsequent decomposition of the litter. Ultimately, this process led to the vertical accretion of the sand with the more resistant organic structures preserved in stratigraphic sequence. The preservation of pollen and spores along the profile is probably caused by low pH and redoximorphic conditions due to water saturation. This study suggests the potential for retrieving useful palaeoecological information from mineral and organic horizons of tropical waterlogged sandy soils, which is especially useful for those regions where traditional pollen archives (lakes and peat bogs) are absent.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:82348
Publisher:Elsevier

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