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Spatio-temporal variability of erosivity in Mato Grosso, Brazil

Di Loreto Di Raimo, L. A., Santos Silva Amorium, R., Couto, E. G., Nóbrega, R. L. B., Torres, G. N., Bocuti, E. D., Almeida, C. O. S. and Rodrigues, R. V. (2018) Spatio-temporal variability of erosivity in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Ambiente & Água, 13 (6). e2276. ISSN 1980-993X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.4136/ambi-agua.2276

Abstract/Summary

The impact of rainfall on surfaces lacking vegetal cover can dissociate soil particles, thereby initiating the erosion process. This is known as rainfall erosivity and is expressed by the R factor in the Universal Soil Loss Equation. Agricultural areas often show seasonally erosion susceptibility throughout the year due to oscillations of the soil exposure rate and the vegetation change. Considering that approximately 30 million ha of the Mato Grosso State in Brazil is used for agriculture, this study aimed to predict and map the spatial and temporal variability of its territory. We evaluated the monthly (EI30) and annual (R) erosivity for 158 rain gauge stations and spatialized the values of EI30 and R by the Kriging method. It was observed that R values ranked as very high in the north, and high and medium-high in the south of Mato Grosso state. The mean value is 8835 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 year-1, considered high. Ninety-one percent of the annual erosivity was concentrated in the period between October and April, corresponding to the rainy season. The highest R factor values were found in the macro-regions of the northwest, north, west and medium-north of Mato Grosso State.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:84055

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