Ideational change in the WTO and its impacts on EU agricultural policy institutions and the CAP
Daugbjerg, C. and Swinbank, A. (2009) Ideational change in the WTO and its impacts on EU agricultural policy institutions and the CAP. Journal of European Integration, 31 (3). pp. 311-327. ISSN 0703-6337
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/07036330902782162
This paper argues that the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) introduced the market liberal paradigm as the ideational underpinning of the new farm trade regime. Though the immediate consequences in terms of limitations on agricultural support and protection were very modest, the Agreement did impact on the way in which domestic farm policy evolves. It forced EU agricultural policy makers to consider the agricultural negotiations when reforming the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The new paradigm in global farm trade resulted in a process of institutional layering in which concerns raised in the World Trade Organization (WTO) were gradually incorporated in EU agricultural institutions. This has resulted in gradual reform of the CAP in which policy instruments have been changed in order to make the CAP more WTO compatible. The underlying paradigm, the state-assisted paradigm, has been sustained though it has been rephrased by introducing the concept of multifunctionality.