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An evaluation of the use of Cottonseed cake in the diet of growing pigs

Fombad, R. B. and Bryant, M. J. (2004) An evaluation of the use of Cottonseed cake in the diet of growing pigs. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 36 (3). pp. 295-305. ISSN 0049-4747

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1023/B:TROP.0000016828.48326.59

Abstract/Summary

An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of including cottonseed cake in rations for weaned growing pigs. Thirty-two Landrace x Large White pigs, weighing 20-24 kg, were included in four blocks formed on the basis of initial weight within sex in an otherwise completely randomized block design. The pigs were killed when they reached a live weight of 75.0 +/- 2.0 kg and the half careases were analysed into cuts and the weights of the organs were recorded. An estimate of the productivity of the pigs on each diet was calculated. Cottonseed cake reduced the voluntary feed intake (p < 0.001) and live weight gains (p < 0.001) and increased the heart, kidney and liver weights (p < 0.01). The pigs on the soya bean-based control diet took the shortest time to reach slaughter weight. The result was probably in part due to lysine deficiency and in part to the effect of free gossypol. It was found that it is at present cost-effective to include cottonseed cake in pig weaner grower diets up to 300 g/kg in Cameroon.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
ID Code:8507
Uncontrolled Keywords:cottonseed cake, feed intake, gossypol, growth, live weight, lysine, pig, FINISHING PIGS, GOSSYPOL, PROTEIN, MEAL, SWINE, SUBSTITUTION, PERFORMANCE, TOXICITY, WEANER, GROWTH

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