Effects of a non-chemical nematicide combined with soil solarization for the control of root-knot nematodes
Giannakou, I. O., Anastasiadis, I. A., Gowen, S. R. and Prophetou-Athanasiadou, D. A. (2007) Effects of a non-chemical nematicide combined with soil solarization for the control of root-knot nematodes. Crop Protection, 26 (11). pp. 1644-1654. ISSN 0261-2194
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2007.02.003
The effectiveness of a formulated bio-nematicide product containing lyophilized bacteria spores of Bacillus firmus was evaluated against root-knot nematodes (RKN) in greenhouse and field experiments. A decrease of second stage juveniles hatching from eggs was recorded by using the bio-nematicide at a dose of 0.9 g kg(-1) of soil while further a decrease was recorded by doubling the dose. However, the mortality rate decreased as the inoculurn level increased. Exposure of either second stage juveniles or egg masses to temperatures of 35-40 degrees C for 1-4 weeks had a marked effect on their survival. In a field experiment, the bio-nematicide was evaluated for its potential to control RKN either as a stand-alone method or in combination with soil solarization. The latter was tested for 15-30 days and the bionematicide was applied just before soil coverage with the plastic sheet or just after its removal. Soil solarization either for 15-30 days provided satisfactory control of RKN. The combination of soil solarization with the bio-nematicide improved nematode control and gave results similar to the chemical treatment. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.