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Fitness cost of resistance: impact on management

Mikaberidze, A. and McDonald, B. A. (2015) Fitness cost of resistance: impact on management. In: Ishii, H. and Hollomon, D. W. (eds.) Fungicide Resistance in Plant Pathogens. Principles and a Guide to Practical Management. Springer, pp. 77-89. ISBN 9784431556411

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55642-8_6

Abstract/Summary

Fungicides are important tools for the management of fungal diseases in many crops. But eventually, most fungicides fail because the treated pathogen population evolves resistance to the fungicide. This chapter focuses on how our knowledge of fitness costs associated with resistance informs strategies of fungicide deployment that help to avoid or delay development of resistance. Many different fungicide deployment strategies should be considered that take into account fungal population genetics as well as the specific agroecosystem. Mono-applications will be replaced by strategies that use several fungicides with different modes of action. Modeling approaches will be needed to inform us regarding the optimum strategies to use under different circumstances. It is clear that fitness costs connected to mutations that encode fungicide resistance will need to be better measured and taken into account in order to design optimum fungicide deployment strategies. We discuss the importance of fitness costs in assessing the usefulness of fungicide mixtures that contain a high-risk fungicide together with a low-risk fungicide and the role of population dynamical mathematical models of plant–pathogen interaction. According to models, the fitness cost of resistance determines the outcome of competition between the sensitive and resistant pathogen strains. If fitness costs are absent, then the use of the high-risk fungicide in a mixture selects for resistance, and the fungicide eventually becomes nonfunctional. If there is a cost of resistance, then an optimal ratio of fungicides in the mixture can be found, at which selection for resistance is expected to vanish and the level of disease control can be optimized.

Item Type:Book or Report Section
Refereed:No
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Biodiversity, Crops and Agroecosystems Division > Crops Research Group
ID Code:86112
Publisher:Springer

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