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A model of net amino acid absorption and utilization by the portal-drained viscera of the lactating dairy cow

Hanigan, M. D., Reynolds, C. K., Humphries, D. J., Lupoli, B. and Sutton, J. D. (2004) A model of net amino acid absorption and utilization by the portal-drained viscera of the lactating dairy cow. Journal of Dairy Science, 87 (12). pp. 4247-4268. ISSN 0022-0302

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Abstract/Summary

A more complete understanding of amino acid ( AA) metabolism by the various tissues of the body is required to improve upon current systems for predicting the use of absorbed AA. The objective of this work was to construct and parameterize a model of net removal of AA by the portal-drained viscera (PDV). Six cows were prepared with arterial, portal, and hepatic catheters and infused abomasally with 0, 200, 400, or 600 g of casein daily. Casein infusion increased milk yield quadratically and tended to increase milk protein yield quadratically. Arterial concentrations of a number of essential AA increased linearly with respect to infusion amount. When infused casein was assumed to have a true digestion coefficient of 0.95, the minimum likely true digestion coefficient for noninfused duodenal protein was found to be 0.80. Net PDV use of AA appeared to be linearly related to total supply (arterial plus absorption), and extraction percentages ranged from 0.5 to 7.25% for essential AA. Prediction errors for portal vein AA concentrations ranged from 4 to 9% of the observed mean concentrations. Removal of AA by PDV represented approximately 33% of total postabsorptive catabolic use, including use during absorption but excluding use for milk protein synthesis, and was apparently adequate to support endogenous N losses in feces of 18.4 g/d. As 69% of this use was from arterial blood, increased PDV catabolism of AA in part represents increased absorption of AA in excess of amounts required by other body tissues. Based on the present model, increased anabolic use of AA in the mammary and other tissues would reduce the catabolic use of AA by the PDV.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
ID Code:8624
Uncontrolled Keywords:portal-drained viscera, amino acids, cattle, net removal, EVALUATING CATTLE DIETS, MOBILE BAG TECHNIQUE, MILK-PRODUCTION, ENDOGENOUS NITROGEN, SMALL-INTESTINE, PROTEIN SYSTEM, BEEF STEERS, FED, GRASS, GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT, RUMINAL FERMENTATION

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