Olfactory attractiveness of mixtures of some host plant and conspecific semiochemicals to the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar, 1824)
Haruna, H. and van Emden, H. F. (2005) Olfactory attractiveness of mixtures of some host plant and conspecific semiochemicals to the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar, 1824). Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science, 38. pp. 13-18. ISSN 0855-0042
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A simple "Y" shaped olfactometer was used in laboratory studies on the olfactory attractiveness of mixtures in various proportions of industrial analogues of some host plant and conspecific-based semiochemicals, or their combinations with banana rhizome, to the banana weevil. The aim was to identify factors that influence their attractiveness to the weevil, and consider the possibility for their use as lures for trapping the weevil in the field. Cosmopolites sordidus was attracted to the mixtures at specific concentrations and proportions of constituent chemicals. 6-methylhept-5-en-2-one was only attractive on its own at 1 µl/100 ml and in mixture with 4- mercaptophenol, but not at 10 µl, 0.01 µl, or in combination with banana rhizome. 4-mercaptohpenol and 2-n-butylfuran, which were compatible with most host plant-based chemicals and were attractive as a mixture, were perceived to be key elements in the composition of attractants to the weevil. It was concluded that in addition to the composition, other factors that may determine the attractiveness or otherwise of a mixture to C. sordidus are the proportions and concentrations of the constituent chemicals.