Accessibility navigation


Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory: tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species

Hector, A., Wilby, A., Latsch, O. G. and Brown, V. K. (2004) Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory: tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5 (4). pp. 313-320. ISSN 1439-1791

Full text not archived in this repository.

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2004.06.001

Abstract/Summary

1. We tested three pesticides used for field manipulations of herbivory for direct phytoactive effects on the germination and growth of 14 herbaceous plant species selected to provide a range of life-history strategies and functional groups. 2. We report three companion experiments: (A) Two insecticides, chlorpyrifos (granular soil insecticide) and dimethoate (foliar spray), were applied in fully-factorial combination to pot-germinated individuals of 12 species. (B) The same fully-factorial design was used to test for direct effects on the germination of four herbaceous legumes. (C) The molluscicide, metaldehyde, was tested for direct effects on the germination and growth of six plant species. 3. The insecticides had few significant effects on growth and germination. Dimethoate acted only on growth stimulating Anisantha sterilis, Sonchus asper and Stellaria graminea. In contrast, chlorpyrifos acted on germination increasing the germination of Trifolium dubium and Trifolium pratense. There was also a significant interactive effect of chlorpyrifos and dimethoate on the germination of T pratense. However, all. effects were relatively small in magnitude and explanatory power. The molluscicide had no significant effect on plant germination or growth. 4. The small number and size of direct effects of the pesticides on plant performance is encouraging for the use of these pesticides in manipulative experiments on herbivory, especially for the molluscicide. However, a smatt number of direct (positive) effects of the insecticides on some plant species need to be taken into account when interpreting field manipulations of herbivory with these compounds, and emphasises the importance of conducting tests for direct phyto-active effects. (C) 2004 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:8636
Uncontrolled Keywords:herbivory, phyto-toxicity, phyto-stimulation, insecticide, molluscicide, chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, metaldehyde, dursban, SEEDLING RECRUITMENT, INSECT HERBIVORY, SUCCESSION, GRASSLAND

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation