Efficacy of neem (Azadirachta indica) formulations on biology of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne javanica) on tomato
Javed, N., Gowen, S. R., El-Hassan, S. A., Inam-ul-Haq, M., Shahina, F. and Pembroke, B. (2008) Efficacy of neem (Azadirachta indica) formulations on biology of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne javanica) on tomato. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 36-43. ISSN 0261-2194
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.006
Second stage juveniles of Meloidogyne javanica were exposed to aqueous extracts of neem crude formulations (leaves and cake) at 10%, 5%, and 2.5% w/v and a refined product, Aza at 0.1% w/v. The 10% extracts of neem leaf and cake caused 83% and 85% immobility and 35% and 28% mortality, respectively. Aza caused neither immobility or mortality of juveniles. When egg masses were placed in extracts of these formulations, hatching did not occur at all the concentrations (10%, 5%, 2.5% and 1.25% w/v) of the crude formulations. When the treated egg masses were returned to water, the eggs resumed hatching. Aza did not affect the nematode hatching. In glasshouse experiments, soil application of neem formulations significantly reduced the invasion of tomato roots by root-knot nematodes but once the nematodes managed to invade them, no effect detected on their development. Soil applications of Aza at 0.05% and 0.1% w/v significantly reduced the invasion and delayed development of nematodes within tomato roots whereas 0.025% did not. There were significantly fewer egg masses on tomato roots exposed to single egg mass in neem amended soil as compared to control. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.