Influence of temperature on the production and infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes against larvae and pupae of vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus, (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Mahar, A. N., Darban, D. A., Lanjar, A. G., Munir, M., Jan, N. D., Hague, N. G. M. and Gowen, S. R. (2005) Influence of temperature on the production and infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes against larvae and pupae of vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus, (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Entomology, 2. pp. 92-96. ISSN 1812-5670
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To link to this article DOI: 10.3923/je.2005.92.96
Susceptibility of late instar vine weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus larvae and pupae to four species entomopathogenic nematodes were tested. Bioassays on production and infectivity to larvae and pupae were compared for two steinernematids and two heterorhabditis such as Steinernema carpocapsae, S. feltiae, Heterorhabditis indica and H. bacteriophora. Nematodes production of all species was determined by the number infective juveniles (IJs) established in vine weevil larvae and pupae O. sulcatus using sand and filter paper bioassay. S. feltiae produced the maximum number in larvae and pupae at 20°C as compared to other nematodes but production of H. indica, was better at 25°C in larvae and pupae followed by H. bacteriophora, S. carpocapsae and Infectivity test of larvae and pupae was also done in sand media. Infective juveniles recovered from larvae and pupae when infected with S. feltiae produced maximum infective juveniles at 20°C temperatures than all other isolates. H. bacteriophora produced higher number of IJs in larvae and pupae than all other nematode isolates at 25°C. This paper indicates the application of nematodes with the knowledge of insect pest biology represents a possible new strategy for O. sulcatus larvae and pupae.