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Nonlinear rheology and dynamics of supramolecular polymer networks formed by associative telechelic chains under shear and extensional flows

Amin, D. and Wang, Z. (2020) Nonlinear rheology and dynamics of supramolecular polymer networks formed by associative telechelic chains under shear and extensional flows. Journal of Rheology, 64 (3). pp. 581-600. ISSN 1520-8516

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1122/1.5120897

Abstract/Summary

Nonequilibrium computer simulations have been applied to study the shear and extensional flow behavior of supramolecular polymer networks (SPNs) formed by unentangled and weakly entangled associative telechelic chains and their non-associative polymer melt counterparts. The reversible bonding of the associative end monomers or stickers leads to the formation of percolated transient networks and consequently stronger mechanical properties of the SPNs than their melt counterparts. In startup shear the transient shear viscosities $\eta(t)$ and first normal stress coefficients $\Psi_1(t)$ of both the SPN and melt systems show overshoot behavior, but only the SPNs demonstrate transient strain hardening at high shear rates. In startup planar extensional flows all systems demonstrate the characteristic extensional strain hardening behavior. The transient extensional viscosities $\eta_E(t)$ of the SPNs undergo a small overshoot before entering the steady state, which was not observed in the non-associative polymer melts. For both types of polymer systems with unentangled and weakly entangled chain lengths, the steady-state shear viscosities show typical shear-thinning behavior, while the steady-state extensional viscosities demonstrate extension hardening, which are consistent with published simulation and experimental works. The observed flow behavior can be well understood from the flow-induced non-Gaussian chain stretching and segment orientation in all polymer systems studied, as well as the additional relaxation mechanisms in the SPNs, including the flow-induced reduction in the density of elastically active strands, the increment in the probability for the stickers to exchange their associated partners and at high strain rates the reduction in the average sticky bond lifetimes.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:88722
Publisher:Society of Rheology

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