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Higher dietary magnesium intake and higher magnesium status are associated with lower prevalence of coronary heart disease in patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Gant, C. M., Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., Binnenmars, S. H., Bakker, S. J. L., Navis, G. and Laverman, G. D. (2018) Higher dietary magnesium intake and higher magnesium status are associated with lower prevalence of coronary heart disease in patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Nutrients, 10 (3). 307. ISSN 2072-6643

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/nu10030307

Abstract/Summary

In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), the handling of magnesium is disturbed. Magnesium deficiency may be associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). We investigated the associations between (1) dietary magnesium intake; (2) 24 h urinary magnesium excretion; and (3) plasma magnesium concentration with prevalent CHD in T2D patients. This cross-sectional analysiswas performed on baseline data fromthe DIAbetes and LifEstyle Cohort Twente-1 (DIALECT-1, n = 450, age 63 � 9 years, 57%men, and diabetes duration of 11 (7–18) years). Prevalence ratios (95% CI) of CHD by sex-specific quartiles of magnesium indicators, as well as by magnesium intake per dietary source, were determined using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models. CHD was present in 100 (22%) subjects. Adjusted CHD prevalence ratios for the highest compared to the lowest quartiles were 0.40 (0.20, 0.79) for magnesium intake, 0.63 (0.32, 1.26) for 24 h urinary magnesium excretion, and 0.62 (0.32, 1.20) for plasma magnesium concentration. For every 10 mg increase of magnesium intake from vegetables, the prevalence of CHD was, statistically non-significantly, lower (0.75 (0.52, 1.08)). In this T2D cohort, higher magnesium intake, higher 24 h urinary magnesium excretion, and higher plasma magnesium concentration are associated with a lower prevalence of CHD.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health (IFNH)
ID Code:88853
Publisher:MDPI

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