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Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic diseases: systematic review and updated meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies

Soedamah-Muthu, S. S. and de Goede, J. (2018) Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic diseases: systematic review and updated meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies. Current nutrition reports, 7 (4). pp. 171-182. ISSN 2161-3311

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s13668-018-0253-y

Abstract/Summary

Purpose of Review Dairy products contain both beneficial and harmful nutrients in relation to cardiometabolic diseases. Here, we provide the latest scientific evidence regarding the relationship between dairy products and cardiometabolic diseases by reviewing the literature and updating meta-analyses of observational studies. Recent Findings We updated our previous meta-analyses of cohort studies on type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke with nine studies and confirmed previous results. Total dairy and low-fat dairy (per 200 g/d) were inversely associated with a 3–4% lower risk of diabetes. Yogurt was non-linearly inversely associatedwith diabetes (RR = 0.86, 95%CI: 0.83–0.90 at 80 g/ d). Total dairy and milk were not associated with CHD (RR~1.0). An increment of 200 g of daily milk intake was associated with an 8% lower risk of stroke. Summary The latest scientific evidence confirmed neutral or beneficial associations between dairy products and risk of cardiometabolic diseases.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health (IFNH)
ID Code:88854
Publisher:Springer

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