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Nutrition of chicks and layers

Morris, T. R. (2004) Nutrition of chicks and layers. Worlds Poultry Science Journal, 60 (1). pp. 5-18. ISSN 0043-9339

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1079/wps20031

Abstract/Summary

When formulating least-cost poultry diets, ME concentration should be optimised by an iterative procedure, not entered as a fixed value. This iteration must calculate profit margins by taking into account the way in which feed intake and saleable outputs vary with ME concentration. In the case of broilers, adjustment of critical amino acid contents in direct proportion to ME concentration does not result in birds of equal fatness. To avoid an increase in fat deposition at higher energy levels, it is proposed that amino acid specifications should be adjusted in proportion to changes in the net energy supplied by the feed. A model is available which will both interpret responses to amino acids in laying trials and give economically optimal estimates of amino acid inputs for practical feed formulation. Flocks coming into lay and flocks nearing the end of the pullet year have bimodal distributions of rates of lay, with the result that calculations of requirement based on mean output will underestimate the optimal amino acid input for the flock. Chick diets containing surplus protein can lead to impaired utilisation of the first-limiting amino acid. This difficulty can be avoided by stating amino acid requirements as a proportion of the protein.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
ID Code:8932
Uncontrolled Keywords:energy, protein, amino acids, nutrient density, YOUNG LAYING PULLETS, PROTEIN-CONCENTRATION, ENERGY, HENS, TRYPTOPHAN, REQUIREMENTS, RESPONSES, LYSINE, AGE

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