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Altered functionality of the corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-2 in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of hyperphagic maternally separated rats

Alcántara-Alonso, V., Amaya, M. I., Matamoros-Trejo, G. and de Gortari, P. (2017) Altered functionality of the corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-2 in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of hyperphagic maternally separated rats. Neuropeptides, 63. pp. 75-82. ISSN 0143-4179

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.npep.2017.01.006

Abstract/Summary

Early-life stress induces endocrine and metabolic alterations that increase food intake and overweight in adulthood. The stress response activates the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and urocortins' (Ucns) system in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). These peptides induce anorexic effects through CRH-R2 receptor activation; however, chronic stressed animals develop hyperphagia despite of high PVN CRH expression. We analyzed this paradoxical behavior in adult rats subjected to maternal separation (MS) for 180 min/daily during post-natal days 2–14, evaluating their body weight gain, food intake, serum corticosterone and vasopressin concentrations, PVN mRNA expression of CRH-R1, CRH-R2, CRH, Ucn2, Ucn3, vasopressin and CRH-R2 protein levels. MS adults increased their feeding, weight gain as well as circulating corticosterone and vasopressin levels, evincing chronic hyperactivity of the stress system. MS induced higher PVN CRH, Ucn2 and CRH-R2 mRNA expression and protein levels of CRH-R2 showed a tendency to decrease in the cellular membrane fraction. An intra-PVN injection of the CRH-R2 antagonist antisauvagine-30 in control adults increased receptor's mRNA expression, mimicking the observed PVN receptor's up-regulation of early-life MS adults. An injection of Ucn-2 directly into the PVN reduced food intake and increased PVN pCREB/CREB ratio in control animals; in contrast, Ucn-2 was unable to reduce food intake and enhance phosphorylated-CREB levels in PVN of MS rats. In conclusion, the chronic hyperactivity of the stress axis and PVN CRH-R2 resistance to Ucn2 effects, supported impaired receptor functionality in MS animals, probably due to its chronic stimulation by CRH or Ucn2, induced by early-life stress.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:90433
Publisher:Elsevier

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