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Supermatrix analyses and molecular clock rooting of Fabales: exploring the effects of outgroup choice and long branch attraction on topology

Aygoren Uluer, D., Forest, F. and Hawkins, J. A. (2020) Supermatrix analyses and molecular clock rooting of Fabales: exploring the effects of outgroup choice and long branch attraction on topology. Botany, 98 (4). pp. 231-247. ISSN 1916-2790

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2019-0109

Abstract/Summary

Fabales is a cosmopolitan angiosperm order that consists of four families: Leguminosae (Fabaceae), Polygalaceae, Surianaceae, and Quillajaceae. Despite the great interest in this group, a convincing phylogeny of the order is still not available. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explicitly test for possible long branch attraction (LBA) problems within Fabales for the first time, and determine whether low tree stemminess and unequal branch lengths could worsen this problem. Supermatrix analysis of Fabales was carried out using previously published plastid matK, trnL, rbcL, and newly sequenced nuclear sqd1 regions for 678 taxa in total, including 43 outgroup taxa from families of Fabidae. We employed additional analyses, such as simulations, network analyses, sampling different outgroup taxa (random or real), removing fast evolving sites and fast evolving taxa, and molecular clock rooting, to identify both LBA and (or) rooting problems. These analyses clearly show that the Fabales phylogeny has been influenced by the sampling of outgroup taxa, but not LBA. However, network analyses show that even though it is weak, there is a consistent phylogenetic signal among the rapidly radiated Fabales families, which can be traced by further analyses. While, molecular clock rooting analysis yielded a (Leguminosae(Polygalaceae(Surianaceae+Quillajaceae))) topology with strong support for the first time here, supermatrix analyses yielded a ((Leguminosae+Polygalaceae)(Surianaceae+Quillajaceae)) with low-moderate support.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
ID Code:90646
Publisher:NRC Research Press

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