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Net nutrient absorption and liver metabolism in lactating dairy cows fed supplemental dietary biotin

Reynolds, C. K., Beever, D. E., Steinberg, W. and Packington, A. J. (2007) Net nutrient absorption and liver metabolism in lactating dairy cows fed supplemental dietary biotin. Animal, 1 (3). pp. 375-380. ISSN 1751-7311

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/s1751731107666105

Abstract/Summary

The effect of feeding supplemental biotin on net absorption and metabolism of nutrients by the portal-drained viscera (PDV; the gut, pancreas, spleen and associated fat) and liver of lactating dairy cows was measured. Three cows in early to mid-lactation catheterised for measurements of net nutrient absorption and metabolism by the PDV and liver were fed a total-mixed ration with or without supplemental biotin at 20 mg/day using a switch-back design (ABA v. BAB) with three 2-week periods. There were no effects of feeding biotin on dry matter intake (22.2 kg/day), milk yield (29.5 kg/day) or milk composition. There was also no effect of feeding biotin on net release of glucose by the liver, net liver removal of glucose precursors (propionate, alanine, lactate) or net liver release of p-hydroxybutyrate. Feeding biotin increased net PDV release of ammonia. Reasons for the response are not certain, but a numerical increase in net PDV release of acetate suggests that rumen or hindgut fermentation was altered. Results of the present study do not support the hypothesis that supplemental biotin increases liver glucose production in lactating dairy cows.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
ID Code:9105
Uncontrolled Keywords:biotin, dairy cows, lactation, liver, portal-drained viscera, HOLSTEIN COWS, PERFORMANCE, PREVENTION, LESIONS

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