A model of seed dormancy in wild oats (Avena fatua) for investigating genotype x environment interactions
Shepherd, S. K., Murdoch, A. J., Dunwell, J. M. and Lutman, P. J. (2007) A model of seed dormancy in wild oats (Avena fatua) for investigating genotype x environment interactions. In: 8th International Workshop on Seeds, May, 2005, Australian Soc Plant Sci; Bayer CropSci; Griffith Univ Ctr Forestry & Horticultural Res, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA, pp. 342-353.
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Dormancy is an adaptive trait in seed populations that helps ensure that seed germination is distributed over time and occurs in environmental conditions suitable for seedling growth. Several genes.. associated with seed dormancy in various plant species, have been integrated into a hypothetical dormancy model for Avena fatua L. (wild oats). Generally, the synthesis of, and sensitivity to, abscisic acid (ABA) during imbibition determines whether genes similar to those during maturation are expressed leading to a maintenance of dormancy during extended imbibition. Alternatively, there may be a shift towards expression of genes associated with gibberellins leading to germination. Environmental factors during maturation, after-ripening and imbibition are likely to interact with the genotype to affect gene expression and hence whether or not a seed germinates. In spite of the difficulties of working on a hexaploid species, A. fatua was selected for study because of its worldwide importance as a weed. Dormant and non-dormant genotypes of this species were also available. Gene expression studies are being carried out on three A.fatua genotypes produced tinder different environmental conditions to investigate the role of specific genes in dormancy and genotype X environment interactions in relation to dormancy.