Plant variety protection, innovation, and transferability: Some empirical evidence
Srinivasan, C. S. (2004) Plant variety protection, innovation, and transferability: Some empirical evidence. Review of Agricultural Economics, 26 (4). pp. 445-471. ISSN 1058-7195
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9353.2004.00193.x
Under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, all member-countries of the World Trade Organization are required to provide an "effective" system of plant variety protection within a specific time frame. In many developing countries, this has led to a divisive debate about the fundamental desirability of extending intellectual property rights to agriculture. Empirical studies on the economic impacts of plant variety protection, especially its ability to generate large private sector investments in plant breeding and to facilitate the transfer of technology, have been very limited. This paper examines two aspects of the international experience of plant variety protection: (a) the relationship between legislation, research, and development expenditures and plant variety protection grants, i.e., the innovation effect and (b) the role of plant variety protection in facilitating the flow of varieties across countries, i.e., the transferability effect.