Dirty tariffication revisited: The EU and sugar
Swinbank, A. (2004) Dirty tariffication revisited: The EU and sugar. The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, 5 (1). pp. 56-69.
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Official URL: http://econpapers.repec.org/article/agsecjilt/2385...
It is widely believed that a number of countries, including the EU, engaged in dirty tariffication during the Uruguay Round of trade talks. This article examines the EUÃ‚Â’s record on sugar and finds little evidence to substantiate the claim. However, world prices increased between the base period (1986-88) and the date of implementation (1995), and so tariffication resulted in an increase in the tax that would have been charged on sugar imports into the EU. As well, the Special Safeguard provisions meant that a substantial additional levy could be charged.