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Pattern classification approaches for breast cancer identification via MRI: state‐of‐the‐art and vision for the future

Yin, X.-X., Yin, L. and Hadjiloucas, S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2380-6114 (2020) Pattern classification approaches for breast cancer identification via MRI: state‐of‐the‐art and vision for the future. Applied Sciences, 10 (20). 7201. ISSN 2076-3417

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/app10207201

Abstract/Summary

Mining algorithms for Dynamic Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCEMRI) of breast tissue are discussed. The algorithms are based on recent advances in multidimensional signal processing and aim to advance current state‐of‐the‐art computer‐aided detection and analysis of breast tumours when these are observed at various states of development. The topics discussed include image feature extraction, information fusion using radiomics, multi‐parametric computer‐aided classification and diagnosis using information fusion of tensorial datasets as well as Clifford algebra based classification approaches and convolutional neural network deep learning methodologies. The discussion also extends to semi‐supervised deep learning and self‐supervised strategies as well as generative adversarial networks and algorithms using generated confrontational learning approaches. In order to address the problem of weakly labelled tumour images, generative adversarial deep learning strategies are considered for the classification of different tumour types. The proposed data fusion approaches provide a novel Artificial Intelligence (AI) based framework for more robust image registration that can potentially advance the early identification of heterogeneous tumour types, even when the associated imaged organs are registered as separate entities embedded in more complex geometric spaces. Finally, the general structure of a high‐dimensional medical imaging analysis platform that is based on multi‐task detection and learning is proposed as a way forward. The proposed algorithm makes use of novel loss functions that form the building blocks for a generated confrontation learning methodology that can be used for tensorial DCE‐MRI. Since some of the approaches discussed are also based on time‐lapse imaging, conclusions on the rate of proliferation of the disease can be made possible. The proposed framework can potentially reduce the costs associated with the interpretation of medical images by providing automated, faster and more consistent diagnosis.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Department of Bio-Engineering
ID Code:93458
Publisher:MDPI

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