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The future of sensitivity analysis: an essential discipline for systems modeling and policy support

Razavi, S., Jakeman, A., Saltelli, A., Prieur, C., Bertrand, L., Borgonovo, E., Plischke, E., Lo Piano, S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2625-483X, Iwanga, T., Becker, W., Tarantola, S., Guillaume, J. H. A., Jakeman, J., Gupta, H., Melillo, N., Rabitti, G., Chabridon, V., Duan, Q., Sun, X., Smith, S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5053-4639 , Sheikholeslami, R., Hosseini, N., Asadzadeh, M., Puy, A., Kucherenko, S. and Maier, H. R. (2020) The future of sensitivity analysis: an essential discipline for systems modeling and policy support. Environmental Modelling & Software. 104954. ISSN 1364-8152

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2020.104954

Abstract/Summary

Sensitivity analysis (SA) is en route to becoming an integral part of mathematical modeling. The tremendous potential benefits of SA are, however, yet to be fully realized, both for advancing mechanistic and data-driven modeling of human and natural systems, and in support of decision making. In this perspective paper, a multidisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners revisit the current status of SA, and outline research challenges in regard to both theoretical frameworks and their applications to solve real-world problems. Six areas are discussed that warrant further attention, including (1) structuring and standardizing SA as a discipline, (2) realizing the untapped potential of SA for systems modeling, (3) addressing the computational burden of SA, (4) progressing SA in the context of machine learning, (5) clarifying the relationship and role of SA to uncertainty quantification, and (6) evolving the use of SA in support of decision making. An outlook for the future of SA is provided that underlines how SA must underpin a wide variety of activities to better serve science and society.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment > Construction Management and Engineering > Innovative and Sustainable Technologies
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Energy Research
ID Code:95052
Publisher:Elsevier

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