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Friends or relatives? Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the controversial European orchid Genus ophrys

Devey, D. S., Bateman, R. M., Fay, M. F. and Hawkins, J. A. (2008) Friends or relatives? Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the controversial European orchid Genus ophrys. Annals of Botany, 101 (3). pp. 385-402. ISSN 0305-7364

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcm299

Abstract/Summary

Background and Aims Highly variable, yet possibly convergent, morphology and lack of sequence variation have severely hindered production of a robust phylogenetic framework for the genus Ophrys. The aim of this study is to produce this framework as a basis for more rigorous species delimitation and conservation recommendations. Methods Nuclear and plastid DNA sequencing and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) were performed on 85 accessions of Ophrys, spanning the full range of species aggregates currently recognized. Data were analysed using a combination of parsimony and Bayesian tree-building techniques and by principal coordinates analysis. Key Results Complementary phylogenetic analyses and ordinations using nuclear, plastid and AFLP datasets identify ten genetically distinct groups (six robust) within the genus that may in turn be grouped into three sections (treated as subgenera by some authors). Additionally, genetic evidence is provided for a close relationship between the O. tenthredinifera, O. bombyliflora and O. speculum groups. The combination of these analytical techniques provides new insights into Ophrys systematics, notably recognition of the novel O. umbilicata group. Conclusions Heterogeneous copies of the nuclear ITS region show that some putative Ophrys species arose through hybridization rather than divergent speciation. The supposedly highly specific pseudocopulatory pollination syndrome of Ophrys is demonstrably 'leaky', suggesting that the genus has been substantially over-divided at the species level.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:9773
Uncontrolled Keywords:AFLP, DNA sequencing, hybridization, introgression, Ophrys, pseudocopulation, species delimitation, systematics, NUCLEAR RIBOSOMAL DNA, CHLOROPLAST DNA, EVOLUTION, AFLP, SPECIATION, POLLINATION

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