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Expression of FoxC, FoxF, FoxL1, and FoxQ1 genes in the dogfish scyliorhinus canicula defines ancient and derived roles for fox genes in vertebrate development

Wotton, K. R., Mazet, F. and Shimeld, S. M. (2008) Expression of FoxC, FoxF, FoxL1, and FoxQ1 genes in the dogfish scyliorhinus canicula defines ancient and derived roles for fox genes in vertebrate development. Developmental Dynamics, 237 (6). pp. 1590-1603. ISSN 1058-8388

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/dvdy.21553

Abstract/Summary

In the human genome, members of the FoxC, FoxF, FoxL1, and FoxQ1 gene families are found in two paralagous clusters. Here we characterize all four gene families in the dogfish Seyliorhinus canicula, a member of the cartilaginous fish lineage that diverged before the radiation of osteichthyan vertebrates. We identify two FoxC genes, two FoxF genes, and single FoxQ1 and FoxL1 genes, demonstrating cluster duplication preceded the radiation of gnathostomes. The expression of all six genes was analyzed by in situ hybridization. The results show conserved expression of FoxL1, FoxF, and FoxC genes in different compartments of the mesoderm and of FoxQ1 in pharyngeal endoderm and its derivatives, confirming these as ancient sites of Fox gene expression, and also illustrate multiple cases of lineage-specific expression domains. Comparison to invertebrate chordates shows that the majority of conserved vertebrate expression domains mark tissues that are part of the primitive chordate body plan.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:9923
Uncontrolled Keywords:dogfish, catshark, FoxC, FoxF, FoxQ, FoxL, mesoderm, gene cluster, forkhead, HELIX TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS, LATERAL PLATE MESODERM, CIONA-INTESTINALIS, PHARYNGEAL ARCHES, CARDIOVASCULAR DEVELOPMENT, EMBRYONIC EXPRESSION, MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD, VISCERAL MESODERM, FORKHEAD, GENES, CRX GENES

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