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Direct repeats in the flavivirus 3' untranslated region; a strategy for survival in the environment?

Gritsun, T. S. and Gould, E. A. (2007) Direct repeats in the flavivirus 3' untranslated region; a strategy for survival in the environment? Virology, 358 (2). pp. 258-65. ISSN 0042-6822

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2006.09.033

Abstract/Summary

Previously, direct repeats (DRs) of 20-70 nucleotides were identified in the 3' untranslated regions (3'UTR) of flavivirus sequences. To address their functional significance, we have manually generated a pan-flavivirus 3'UTR alignment and correlated it with the corresponding predicted RNA secondary structures. This approach revealed that intra-group-conserved DRs evolved from six long repeated sequences (LRSs) which, as approximately 200-nucleotide domains were preserved only in the genomes of the slowly evolving tick-borne flaviviruses. We propose that short DRs represent the evolutionary remnants of LRSs rather than distinct molecular duplications. The relevance of DRs to virus replication enhancer function, and thus survival, is discussed.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:9997
Uncontrolled Keywords:3' Untranslated Regions/*physiology, Animals, Base Sequence, Evolution, Molecular, Flavivirus/*physiology, Flavivirus Infections/virology, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions (Genetics)/genetics, RNA, Viral/biosynthesis, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid/*physiology, Sequence Alignment, Virus Replication

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