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Heterogenous late holocene climate in the Eastern Mediterranean—the Kocain Cave record from SW Turkey

Jacobson, M. J. ORCID:, Flohr, P. ORCID:, Gascoigne, A. ORCID:, Leng, M. J. ORCID:, Sadekov, A., Cheng, H. ORCID:, Edwards, R. L. ORCID:, Tüysüz, O. ORCID: and Fleitmann, D. (2021) Heterogenous late holocene climate in the Eastern Mediterranean—the Kocain Cave record from SW Turkey. Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (20). e2021GL094733. ISSN 1944-8007

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2021gl094733


Palaeoclimate variability must be constrained to predict the nature and impacts of future climate change in the Eastern Mediterranean. Here, we present a late Holocene high‐resolution multiproxy data set from Kocain Cave, the first of its kind from SW Turkey. Regional fluctuations in effective‐moisture are recorded by variations in magnesium, strontium, phosphorous and carbon isotopes, with oxygen isotopes reacting to changes in precipitation and effective‐moisture. The new record shows a double‐peak of arid conditions at 1150 and 800 BCE, a wet period 330–460 CE followed by a rapid shift to dry conditions 460–830 CE, and a dry/wet Medieval Climate Anomaly/Little Ice Age pattern. Large discrepancies exist between Turkish records and the Kocain record, which shares more similarities with other Eastern Mediterranean coastal records. Heterogeneity of regional climate and palaeoclimate proxy records are emphasized.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Archaeology
ID Code:100827
Uncontrolled Keywords:Climate, ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE, Air/sea constituent fluxes, Volcanic effects, BIOGEOSCIENCES, Climate dynamics, Isotopic composition and chemistry, Modeling, COMPUTATIONAL GEOPHYSICS, Numerical solutions, CRYOSPHERE, Avalanches, Mass balance, GEOCHEMISTRY, Stable isotope geochemistry, Major and trace element geochemistry, GEODESY AND GRAVITY, Ocean monitoring with geodetic techniques, Ocean/Earth/atmosphere/hydrosphere/cryosphere interactions, Global change from geodesy, GLOBAL CHANGE, Regional climate change, Abrupt/rapid climate change, Climate variability, Earth system modeling, Impacts of global change, Land/atmosphere interactions, Oceans, Sea level change, Solid Earth, Water cycles, HYDROLOGY, Climate impacts, Hydrological cycles and budgets, INFORMATICS, MARINE GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS, Gravity and isostasy, ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES, Climate change and variability, Climatology, General circulation, Ocean/atmosphere interactions, Regional modeling, Theoretical modeling, OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL, Climate and interannual variability, Numerical modeling, NATURAL HAZARDS, Atmospheric, Geological, Oceanic, Physical modeling, Climate impact, Risk, Disaster risk analysis and assessment, OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL, Air/sea interactions, Decadal ocean variability, Ocean influence of Earth rotation, Sea level: variations and mean, Surface waves and tides, Tsunamis and storm surges, OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL, Stable isotopes, PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, Speleothems, POLICY SCIENCES, Benefit‐cost analysis, RADIO SCIENCE, Radio oceanography, SEISMOLOGY, Earthquake ground motions and engineering seismology, Volcano seismology, VOLCANOLOGY, Volcano/climate interactions, Atmospheric effects, Volcano monitoring, Effusive volcanism, Mud volcanism, Explosive volcanism, Volcanic hazards and risks, Research Letter, speleothem, palaeoclimate, late Holocene, stable isotopes, trace elements, droughts


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