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Structure and Breakdown Properties of Polypropylene-based Nanocomposites

Azmi, A., Lau, K.Y., Ahmad, N.A., Abdul-Malek, Z., Tan, C.W. and Ching, K. Y. (2021) Structure and Breakdown Properties of Polypropylene-based Nanocomposites. In: 2021 IEEE International Conference on the Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials (ICPADM), 12-14 JUL 2021, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, pp. 202-205,

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1109/ICPADM49635.2021.9493904


This work was performed to investigate the effects of different nanofillers on the structure and dielectric properties of polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites. This work considered studying three types of nanofillers, namely, magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4), calcium carbonate (CaCO3), and surface-modified calcium carbonate (CaCO3T). PP nanocomposites containing MgAl2O4, CaCO3, and CaCO3T nanofillers were prepared using a Brabender melt mixer. The samples were melt pressed using a hydraulic laboratory press at 180°C to produce thin-film samples of 100 μm thick. The prepared samples were subjected to Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for chemical and morphological analysis. Meanwhile, the DC breakdown test was carried out to analyzed the dielectric properties of the evaluated samples. The results showed that PP/MgAl2O4 nanocomposites possessed lowered breakdown strength compared to unfilled PP. In contrast, PP/CaCO3 nanocomposites possessed a higher breakdown strength over PP/MgAl2O4 nanocomposites. Meanwhile, PP/CaCO3T nanocomposites possessed the highest breakdown strength among the nanocomposites. Possible mechanisms governing these property changes are discussed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions:University of Reading Malaysia
ID Code:102087

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