Accessibility navigation

Pesticide consumption and productivity and the potential of IPM in Bangladesh

Rahman, S. ORCID: (2013) Pesticide consumption and productivity and the potential of IPM in Bangladesh. Science of the Total Environment, 445-446. pp. 48-56. ISSN 0048-9697

Text - Accepted Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.032


The paper analyses trends in consumption, productivity and the determinants of pesticide use in Bangladesh over a 33 year period (1977–2009), including a discussion on the scope to expand Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices. Pesticide use grew at an alarming rate of 10.0% per year (p < 0.01) although the corresponding response in yield growth of major crops has been minimal (< 1.0% per year). Pesticide productivity (i.e., ‘gross value added from crops at constant prices’ per ‘kg of active ingredients of all pesticides used’) is declining steadily at a rate of − 8.6% per year (p < 0.01). Adoption of Green Revolution (GR) technology, crop diversification, average farm size and literacy rate are the most significant determinants of pesticide use, whereas research and development (R&D) investment depresses pesticide use. Consistent evidence of excessive pesticide use in Bangladesh was observed. Although the government has shifted focus from pesticide use to IPM, its coverage remains inadequate as only 7.4% of the total farmers are covered after 30 years of effort. Tighter pesticide regulation and its effective implementation, and expansion of IPM through public, private and non-governmental organisation (NGO) stakeholders are suggested to reduce pesticide consumption.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Agri-Food Economics & Marketing
ID Code:105902


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation