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Estimation of population growth or decline in genetically monitored populations

Beaumont, M. A. (2003) Estimation of population growth or decline in genetically monitored populations. Genetics, 164 (3). pp. 1139-60. ISSN 0016-6731

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This article introduces a new general method for genealogical inference that samples independent genealogical histories using importance sampling (IS) and then samples other parameters with Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). It is then possible to more easily utilize the advantages of importance sampling in a fully Bayesian framework. The method is applied to the problem of estimating recent changes in effective population size from temporally spaced gene frequency data. The method gives the posterior distribution of effective population size at the time of the oldest sample and at the time of the most recent sample, assuming a model of exponential growth or decline during the interval. The effect of changes in number of alleles, number of loci, and sample size on the accuracy of the method is described using test simulations, and it is concluded that these have an approximately equivalent effect. The method is used on three example data sets and problems in interpreting the posterior densities are highlighted and discussed.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10678

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