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A genetic probe into the ancient and medieval history of Southern Europe and West Asia

Lazaridis, I. ORCID:, Alpaslan-Roodenberg, S. ORCID:, Acar, A. ORCID:, Açıkkol, A. ORCID:, Agelarakis, A., Aghikyan, L. ORCID:, Akyüz, U., Andreeva, D. ORCID:, Andrijašević, G. ORCID:, Antonović, D. ORCID:, Armit, I. ORCID:, Atmaca, A., Avetisyan, P. ORCID:, Aytek, A. İ. ORCID:, Bacvarov, K., Badalyan, R. ORCID:, Bakardzhiev, S., Balen, J. ORCID:, Bejko, L. ORCID:, Bernardos, R. ORCID: , Bertsatos, A. ORCID:, Biber, H. ORCID:, Bilir, A. ORCID:, Bodružić, M. ORCID:, Bonogofsky, M., Bonsall, C. ORCID:, Borić, D. ORCID:, Borovinić, N. ORCID:, Bravo Morante, G., Buttinger, K., Callan, K. ORCID:, Candilio, F. ORCID:, Carić, M. ORCID:, Cheronet, O. ORCID:, Chohadzhiev, S., Chovalopoulou, M.-E. ORCID:, Chryssoulaki, S., Ciobanu, I. ORCID:, Čondić, N., Constantinescu, M. ORCID:, Cristiani, E. ORCID:, Culleton, B. J. ORCID:, Curtis, E. ORCID:, Davis, J., Demcenco, T. I., Dergachev, V. ORCID:, Derin, Z. ORCID:, Deskaj, S., Devejyan, S., Djordjević, V., Duffett Carlson, K. S. ORCID:, Eccles, L. R., Elenski, N., Engin, A. ORCID:, Erdoğan, N., Erir-Pazarcı, S. ORCID:, Fernandes, D. M. ORCID:, Ferry, M. ORCID:, Freilich, S. ORCID:, Frînculeasa, A. ORCID:, Galaty, M. L. ORCID:, Gamarra, B. ORCID:, Gasparyan, B., Gaydarska, B. ORCID:, Genç, E. ORCID:, Gültekin, T. ORCID:, Gündüz, S. ORCID:, Hajdu, T. ORCID:, Heyd, V., Hobosyan, S., Hovhannisyan, N. ORCID:, Iliev, I., Iliev, L. ORCID:, Iliev, S., İvgin, İ. ORCID:, Janković, I. ORCID:, Jovanova, L., Karkanas, P. ORCID:, Kavaz-Kındığılı, B. ORCID:, Kaya, E. H. ORCID:, Keating, D. ORCID:, Kennett, D. J. ORCID:, Deniz Kesici, S. ORCID:, Khudaverdyan, A. ORCID:, Kiss, K. ORCID:, Kılıç, S. ORCID:, Klostermann, P. ORCID:, Kostak Boca Negra Valdes, S. ORCID:, Kovačević, S. ORCID:, Krenz-Niedbała, M. ORCID:, Krznarić Škrivanko, M. ORCID:, Kurti, R., Kuzman, P. ORCID:, Lawson, A. M. ORCID:, Lazar, C. ORCID:, Leshtakov, K., Levy, T. E. ORCID:, Liritzis, I. ORCID:, Lorentz, K. O., Łukasik, S. ORCID:, Mah, M. ORCID:, Mallick, S., Mandl, K. ORCID:, Martirosyan-Olshansky, K. ORCID:, Matthews, R. ORCID:, Matthews, W. ORCID:, McSweeney, K. ORCID:, Melikyan, V., Micco, A. ORCID:, Michel, M. ORCID:, Milašinović, L., Mittnik, A. ORCID:, Monge, J. M. ORCID:, Nekhrizov, G. ORCID:, Nicholls, R., Nikitin, A. G. ORCID:, Nikolov, V., Novak, M. ORCID:, Olalde, I. ORCID:, Oppenheimer, J. ORCID:, Osterholtz, A. ORCID:, Özdemir, C., Özdoğan, K. T., Öztürk, N., Papadimitriou, N. ORCID:, Papakonstantinou, N. ORCID:, Papathanasiou, A., Paraman, L. ORCID:, Paskary, E. G., Patterson, N. ORCID:, Petrakiev, I., Petrosyan, L., Petrova, V. ORCID:, Philippa-Touchais, A., Piliposyan, A. ORCID:, Pocuca Kuzman, N. ORCID:, Potrebica, H. ORCID:, Preda-Bălănică, B. ORCID:, Premužić, Z., Price, T. D. ORCID:, Qiu, L. ORCID:, Radović, S. ORCID:, Raeuf Aziz, K., Rajić Šikanjić, P. ORCID:, Rasheed Raheem, K., Razumov, S. ORCID:, Richardson, A. ORCID:, Roodenberg, J., Ruka, R., Russeva, V. ORCID:, Şahin, M. ORCID:, Şarbak, A. ORCID:, Savaş, E. ORCID:, Schattke, C., Schepartz, L. ORCID:, Selçuk, T. ORCID:, Sevim-Erol, A. ORCID:, Shamoon-Pour, M. ORCID:, Shephard, H. M. ORCID:, Sideris, A. ORCID:, Simalcsik, A. ORCID:, Simonyan, H., Sinika, V. ORCID:, Sirak, K. ORCID:, Sirbu, G. ORCID:, Šlaus, M. ORCID:, Soficaru, A. ORCID:, Söğüt, B. ORCID:, Sołtysiak, A. ORCID:, Sönmez-Sözer, Ç. ORCID:, Stathi, M. ORCID:, Steskal, M. ORCID:, Stewardson, K., Stocker, S., Suata-Alpaslan, F. ORCID:, Suvorov, A., Szécsényi-Nagy, A. ORCID:, Szeniczey, T. ORCID:, Telnov, N. ORCID:, Temov, S. ORCID:, Todorova, N. ORCID:, Tota, U., Touchais, G. ORCID:, Triantaphyllou, S. ORCID:, Türker, A. ORCID:, Ugarković, M. ORCID:, Valchev, T., Veljanovska, F., Videvski, Z., Virag, C. ORCID:, Wagner, A. ORCID:, Walsh, S. ORCID:, Włodarczak, P. ORCID:, Workman, J. N. ORCID:, Yardumian, A., Yarovoy, E., Yavuz, A. Y. ORCID:, Yılmaz, H. ORCID:, Zalzala, F. ORCID:, Zettl, A. ORCID:, Zhang, Z. ORCID:, Çavuşoğlu, R. ORCID:, Rohland, N., Pinhasi, R. ORCID:, Reich, D. ORCID: and Davtyan, R. (2022) A genetic probe into the ancient and medieval history of Southern Europe and West Asia. Science, 377 (6609). pp. 940-951. ISSN 1095-9203

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1126/science.abq0755


Literary and archaeological sources have preserved a rich history of Southern Europe and West Asia since the Bronze Age that can be complemented by genetics. Mycenaean period elites in Greece did not differ from the general population and included both people with some steppe ancestry and others, like the Griffin Warrior, without it. Similarly, people in the central area of the Urartian Kingdom around Lake Van lacked the steppe ancestry characteristic of the kingdom's northern provinces. Anatolia exhibited extraordinary continuity down to the Roman and Byzantine periods, with its people serving as the demographic core of much of the Roman Empire, including the city of Rome itself. During medieval times, migrations associated with Slavic and Turkic speakers profoundly affected the region.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Archaeology
ID Code:107194
Uncontrolled Keywords:Humans, History, Medieval, Population - genetics, Human Migration - history, Archaeology, Genetic Variation, History, Ancient, Europe, Asia, Greece
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science


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