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Effect of extraction type on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves

Olvera-Aguirre, G. ORCID:, Marleny Mendoza-Taco, M., Manuel Moo-Huchin, V. ORCID:, Aarón Lee-Rangel, H. ORCID:, Roque-Jimenez, J.-A. ORCID:, Gómez-Vázquez, A., Dzib-Cauich, D. A., Vargas-Bello-Pérez, E. ORCID: and Juventino Chay-Canul, A. (2022) Effect of extraction type on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves. Agriculture, 12 (9). 1462. ISSN 2077-0472

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/agriculture12091462


The objective of this study was to determine the extraction yield, the content of bioactive compounds and in vitro antioxidant activity of different extracts from Moringa oleifera (MO) leaves, and their potential use as a natural feed additive for ruminant diets. For the preparation of MO extracts, three treatments were used: (1) MO extract in distilled water (MOEW, 0%), (2) ethanol-water (MOEEW, 50%) and (3) absolute ethanol (MOEE, 100%). The extraction yield and the antioxidant activity measured with the DPPH assay in the MO extracts were higher for MOEW and MOEEW. From all treatments, MOEEW had the highest antioxidant activity evaluated with the ABTS assay and showed a higher content of bioactive compounds. On the other hand, the principal component analysis showed that the first two principal components explained 96.5% of the variability of the data. The variables that contributed to the greatest variation were condensed tannins (CT), total phenolic compounds (TPC), total flavonoids (TF), and extraction yield. A high correlation (p ≤ 0.001) was observed between TPC and extraction yield with r2 = 0.989. The content of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity was higher in the MOEEW extract; therefore, its inclusion in ruminant diets can be suggested to potentially improve their productivity and product quality.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Animal Sciences
ID Code:107620


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