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Magnetoencephalography resting state connectivity patterns as indicatives of surgical outcome in epilepsy patients

Aydin, Ü. ORCID:, Pellegrino, G., Bin Ka'b Ali, O., Abdallah, C., Dubeau, F., Lina, J.-M., Kobayashi, E. and Grova, C. (2020) Magnetoencephalography resting state connectivity patterns as indicatives of surgical outcome in epilepsy patients. Journal of Neural Engineering, 17 (3). 035007. ISSN 1741-2560

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1088/1741-2552/ab8113


Objective. Focal epilepsy is a disorder affecting several brain networks; however, epilepsy surgery usually targets a restricted region, the so-called epileptic focus. There is a growing interest in embedding resting state (RS) connectivity analysis into pre-surgical workup. Approach. In this retrospective study, we analyzed Magnetoencephalography (MEG) long-range RS functional connectivity patterns in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. MEG recorded prior to surgery from seven seizure-free (Engel Ia) and five non seizure-free (Engel III or IV) patients were analyzed (minimum 2-years post-surgical follow-up). MEG segments without any detectable epileptic activity were source localized using wavelet-based Maximum Entropy on the Mean method. Amplitude envelope correlation in the theta (4–8 Hz), alpha (8–13 Hz), and beta (13–26 Hz) bands were used for assessing connectivity. Main results. For seizure-free patients, we found an isolated epileptic network characterized by weaker connections between the brain region where interictal epileptic discharges (IED) are generated and the rest of the cortex, when compared to connectivity between the corresponding contralateral homologous region and the rest of the cortex. Contrarily, non seizure-free patients exhibited a widespread RS epileptic network characterized by stronger connectivity between the IED generator and the rest of the cortex, in comparison to the contralateral region and the cortex. Differences between the two seizure outcome groups concerned mainly distant long-range connections and were found in the alpha-band. Significance. Importantly, these connectivity patterns suggest specific mechanisms describing the underlying organization of the epileptic network and were detectable at the individual patient level, supporting the prospect use of MEG connectivity patterns in epilepsy to predict post-surgical seizure outcome.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:111225
Uncontrolled Keywords:Brain, Brain Mapping, Epilepsies, Partial/diagnosis, Epilepsy/surgery, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Magnetoencephalography, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome

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