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Spatial distribution of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Co, Ni in the soils of Ili river delta and state natural reserve “Ili-Balkhash”

Madibekov, A., Ismukhanova, L. ORCID:, Opp, C. ORCID:, Saidaliyeva, Z., Zhadi, A., Sultanbekova, B. and Kurmanova, M. (2023) Spatial distribution of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Co, Ni in the soils of Ili river delta and state natural reserve “Ili-Balkhash”. Applied Sciences, 13 (10). 5996. ISSN 2076-3417

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/app13105996


River delta soils are the final spatial units of the matter flow within the whole river catchment. Due to their spatial position in the catchment and due to their fine grain size composition, river delta soils are important matter sinks in general, especially for heavy metals. The article presents the results of spectrometric analysis of heavy metals in the soils of the Ili River Delta and State Natural Reserve “Ili-Balkhash” in 2021. This area is included in the list of wetlands of international importance under the Convention on Wetlands. Heavy metals in the samples were determined using the flame atomic absorption spectrometric method using the AA-7000 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The spatial distribution of the metals was visualized in the ArcGIS 10.5 environment. Copper concentrations were measured in the soils of the dry steppe, semi-desert and desert zones with average values up to 28.5 mg kg−1 and a maximum level of 75.1 mg kg−1. The concentrations of lead are 8.0–15.9 mg kg−1. The cadmium content exceeds the standards from 2.1 to 6.5 mg kg−1 on the whole territory at MPC 2.0 mg kg−1, reaching up to 3.3 MPC (Maximum Permissible Concentration). The cobalt concentration ranges from 6.7 to 20.6 mg kg−1, and nickel ranges from 11.3 to 22.2 mg kg−1. Soil contamination due to cobalt and nickel is observed in the northern and eastern parts of the study area. The received data about pollution of the soil cover by heavy metals makes it possible to assess the degree of anthropogenic load of the unique natural environment in the Ili River Delta and natural reserve.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:112044
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes, Computer Science Applications, Process Chemistry and Technology, General Engineering, Instrumentation, General Materials Science
Publisher:MDPI AG


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