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Neo-liberal capitalistic policies in modern conservation and the ultimate commodification of nature

Dhandapani, S. ORCID: (2015) Neo-liberal capitalistic policies in modern conservation and the ultimate commodification of nature. Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, 05. 157. ISSN 2157-7625

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To link to this item DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625.1000167


The recent changes in global politics and the advancement of science and technology, have paved way for the modification and commodification of nature. The development of capitalism, and changes in modern conservation ideologies occurred at the same period, which is more than just a co-incidence. The capitalistic policies in conservation are shaping a new perspective of global environmentalism, which is presented as a spectacle. Whether these capitalistic policies stand the purpose is often questionable. In this work, I am going to discuss two main neo liberal practices in modern conservation, namely protected areas with reference to eco-tourism, and the Payment for Ecosystem Services with reference to REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Forest Degradation and Deforestation), which shape modern environmentalism. These policies in modern environmentalism have made it easier to commodify nature, failing to understand that indigenous people living in forests do not have economic conditions, they have livelihood issues. So, The neo-liberal capitalistic policies has led to the loss of intrinsic value of nature, affecting the indigenous lifestyles and serves as an instrument of modern imperialism, acting as a boon to the ‘Transnational capital class’ and a curse to the indigenous people.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:112226
Publisher:OMICS Publishing Group


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