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A data distillation enhanced autoencoder for detecting anomalous gas consumption

Zhou, Y., Jiang, J., Yang, S.-H., He, L., Ding, Y., Liu, K., Zhu, G. and Qing, Y. (2023) A data distillation enhanced autoencoder for detecting anomalous gas consumption. IEEE Internet of Things. ISSN 2327-4662

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2023.3296538


The number of natural gas users has been growing rapidly in China due to the promotion of clean energy and the economic benefits of natural gas, especially in businesses and industries. Though the infrastructures for gas supplies have been highly improved, gas providers are still suffering from various problems such as malfunctioning gas meters, gas leakage, gas theft etc. With the development of the Internet of Things, smart gas meters have been widely adopted by gas providers to collect real-time gas consumption data for billing purposes which can also serve as a basis for anomaly detection. One challenge of using such data for anomaly detection is that it is difficult to obtain sufficient labelled data for model training. To address this challenge, we propose DAE, a data distillation enhanced autoencoder for detecting anomalous gas consumption, which consists of three modules. The first module preprocesses the raw meter readings and carries out a rule-based anomaly detection. The second module extracts the normal gas usage patterns via an integration of correlation and clustering based consistency evaluation methods. The extracted normal usage patterns are then used in the third module to train an autoencoder for anomaly detection. DAE intends to provide a method to detect anomalous gas consumption induced by various causes such that manual inspection can be largely reduced. Moreover, DAE does not require user-specific information and can be applied to different types of gas users. Based on a real-world gas consumption dataset, we carry out a set of experiments and show that DAE outperforms the existing and improves the F1 score by an average of 7.4% for restaurant users and 5.7% for canteen users.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:112660

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