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Spatial distribution of CO2 impact on the indoor air quality of classrooms within a university

Mahyuddin, N. and Essah, E. A. ORCID: (2024) Spatial distribution of CO2 impact on the indoor air quality of classrooms within a university. Journal of Building Engineering, 89. 109246. ISSN 2352-7102

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2024.109246


Indoor air quality (IAQ) remains a public and global concern. While CO2 does not pose health risks to occupants, high CO2 levels indicate insufficient ventilation, potentially accumulating pollutant concentrations. In buildings, occupants are identified as the main source of indoor carbon dioxide (CO2) through exhalation. Standard classrooms may have occupant density between 1.8-2.4m2/person. Therefore, the IAQ of classrooms and lecture theatres remain a concern. This study investigated airflow and contaminant (using CO2 as a proxy) distribution in two classrooms modelled using CFX a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software, verified against experimental measurements. The model provides the visualization of flow patterns so that the effects of external and internal flow fields in the classroom can be studied. The results show that there are large differences in classroom indoor ventilation performance due to the effects of wind direction and wind speed on building surface wind pressure from outdoor wind speeds. Windward high-pressure surfaces and leeward vortices created by building shading promote indoor air quality in buildings with windcatcher openings. The concentration distribution of CO in the classrooms showed an upward convergence with the thermal plume generated by the respiratory differences of the personnel and the temperature of the lighting equipment. The results of this study have important implications for improving classroom design guidelines for school buildings, especially in terms of ventilation strategies and air quality monitoring.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment > Energy and Environmental Engineering group
ID Code:116045


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